What are Cataracts?
Cataracts refer to the clouding of the eye’s natural lens, which is typically clear and helps focus light onto the retina. The development of cataracts can cause blurry vision and may eventually lead to vision loss if left untreated.

Symptoms of Cataracts:
Common symptoms of cataracts include:

1. Blurred, hazy, or foggy vision.
2. Increased sensitivity to glare, especially in bright light or when driving at night.
3. Difficulty seeing clearly, especially in low-light conditions.
4. Colors appearing dull or faded.
5. Frequent changes in eyeglass or contact lens prescriptions.

Prevention of Cataracts:
While it may not be possible to prevent cataracts entirely, you can take certain measures to reduce the risk of developing them or slow down their progression:

1. Protect your eyes from ultraviolet (UV) radiation by wearing sunglasses that block UV rays.
2. Quit smoking, as smoking has been linked to an increased risk of cataracts.
3. Maintain a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and antioxidants.
4. Manage underlying health conditions, such as diabetes, which can contribute to the development of cataracts.

Treatments for Cataracts:
The only effective treatment for cataracts is surgery, where the clouded lens is replaced with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). Cataract surgery is a safe and commonly performed procedure that can restore clear vision and improve quality of life.

To learn more about cataracts, their causes, diagnosis, and surgical options, visit your optometrist.

Please note that this information is provided for informational purposes only and should not substitute professional medical advice. If you suspect you have cataracts or any eye-related concerns, it is important to consult with an eye care professional for a proper evaluation and personalized recommendations.