Corneal Abrasion

What Is a Corneal Abrasion?

A corneal abrasion is a scratch on the eye’s cornea, the clear, protective outer layer of the eye. This type of injury can be caused by contact with dust, dirt, sand, wood shavings, metal particles, contact lenses, or even the edge of a piece of paper. Corneal abrasions are generally uncomfortable and can cause complications if not treated properly.

Symptoms of Corneal Abrasion:

The symptoms of a corneal abrasion are usually immediate and can include:

  • A feeling of having something in your eye
  • Eye pain, especially when opening or closing the eye
  • Tearing and redness
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Blurred vision or loss of vision
  • Swelling of the eyelids

Treatment for Corneal Abrasion:

Treatment aims to relieve pain and ensure the eye doesn’t become infected while it heals. Common treatments include:

  • Rinsing the Eye: If the abrasion is caused by a foreign object in the eye, rinsing the eye with clean water or a saline solution can help.
  • Avoid Rubbing the Eye: This can worsen the abrasion.
  • Antibiotic Eye Drops or Ointment: To prevent infection during the healing process.
  • Pain Relievers: To alleviate discomfort.
  • Wearing an Eye Patch: In some cases, this can help relieve pain and protect the eye.

Prevention of Corneal Abrasion:

Preventive measures include:

  • Wearing protective eyewear during activities that might lead to eye injury (e.g., sports, working with power tools).
  • Being cautious with contact lens use and hygiene.
  • Avoiding rubbing your eyes, especially if you have foreign particles in or near them.

To learn more about a corneal abrasion, its causes, diagnosis, and surgical options, visit your optometrist.

Please note that this information is provided for informational purposes only and should not substitute professional medical advice. If you suspect you have a corneal abrasion or any eye-related concerns, it is important to consult with an eye care professional for a proper evaluation and personalized recommendations.